Recommended Reading

Learning more about the complexity of the issues is a great way to begin to co-create viable solutions to the absence of women and people of color as developers, users and beneficiaries of technology. Following are some resources for further study in these areas related to STEM:
  • Feminism and Partnership

  • Feminist Science Studies

  • Media Studies

  • Language and Communication

  • Education

  • Her-Story

  • Global Economics and Partnership Science

  • Films

  • Organizations Working Toward Change

Feminism and Partnership

Anzaldua, G. (1987). Borderlands/La frontera: The new mestiza. San Francisco: Spinsters. Brumberg, J. J. (1997). The body project: An intimate history of American girls. New York: Random House.

Collins, P. H. (1990). Black feminist thought: Knowledge, consciousness, and the politics of empowerment. New York: Routledge.

Edut, O. (Ed.). (1998). Adios, Barbie: Young women write about body image and identity. Seattle, WA: Seal Press.

Eisler, R. (1987). The chalice and the blade: Our history, our future. San Francisco: HarperSanFrancisco.

Eisler, R. (2002). The power of partnership: Seven relationships that will change your life. Novato, CA: New World.

Eisler, R. (2007). The real wealth of nations: Creating a caring economics. San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler.

Eisler, R., & Loye, D. (1990). The partnership way. San Francisco: HarperSanFrancisco.

Eisler, R., & Miller, R. (Eds.). (2004). Educating for a culture of peace. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann.

Faludi, S. (1991). Backlash: The undeclared war against American women. New York: Crown.

Faludi, S. (1999). Stiffed: The betrayal of the American man

Fausto-Sterling, A. (2000). Sexing the body: Gender politics and the construction of sexuality. New York: Basic.

Feinberg, L. (1996). Transgender warriors: Making history from Joan of Arc to Dennis Rodman. Boston: Beacon Press.

Gilbert, S.M., & Gubar, S. (1984). The madwoman in the attic: The woman writer and the nineteenth-century literary imagination. New Haven: Yale UP.

hooks, b. (1984). Feminist theory: From margin to center. Boston: South End. 

hooks, b. (1989). Talking back: Thinking feminist, thinking black. Boston, MA: South End Press.

hooks, b. (1992). Black looks: Race and representation. Boston: South End.

hooks, b. (2000). Feminism is for everybody: Passionate politics. Cambridge: South End.

Johnson, A. G. (1997). The gender knot: Unraveling our patriarchal legacy. Philadelphia: Temple UP.

Johnson, A. G. (2006). Privilege, power and difference. Boston: McGrawHill. Johnson, S. (1989). Wildfire: Igniting the she/volution. Albuquerque, NM: Wildfire Press.

Kadi, J. (1996). Thinking class: Sketches from a cultural worker. Boston: South End.

Kesselman, A. et. al. (Eds.). (2003). Women images and realities: A multicultural anthology. Boston: McGrawHill.

Kimmel, M.S. (2000). The gendered society. New York: Oxford UP.

Kimmel, M.S., & Messner, M.A. (1989). Men’s lives. New York: Macmillan.

Kirk, G., & Okazawa-Rey, M. (2004). Women’s lives: Multicultural perspectives. (3rd edition). New York: McGraw-Hill.

Lorde, A. (1984). Sister outsider: Essays and speeches. Berkeley, CA: Crossing Press. McIntosh, P. (1998).White Privilege: Unpacking the Invisible Knapsack. In P.S. Rothenberg (Eds.), Race, class and gender in the U.S. (pp. 165-169). New York: St Martin’s.

Minnich, E. K. (1990). Transforming knowledge. Philadelphia: Temple UP.

Mohanty, C.T. et. al. (Eds.). (1991). Third world women and the politics of feminism. Bloomington, IN: Indiana UP.

Morrison, T. (1992). Playing in the dark: Whiteness and the literary imagination. New York: Vintage.

Northrup, C. (1998). Women’s bodies, women’s wisdom: Creating physical and emotional health and healing. New York: Bantam.

Ogawa, D. M. (1971) From Japs to Japanese: An evolution of Japanese-American stereotypes. Berkeley, CA: McCutchan.

Pipher, M. (1994). Reviving Ophelia: Saving the selves of adolescent girls. New York: Putnam.

Rich, A. (1986). Of woman born: Motherhood as social institution. New York: Norton.

Seagar, J. (2003). The Penguin atlas of women in the world. New York: Penguin.

Spencer, S. J., & Steele, C. M., & Quinn, D. M. (1999). Stereotype threat and women’s math performance. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 35, 4-28.

Starhawk. (1987). Truth or dare: Encounters with power, authority, and mystery. New York: Harper.

Steele, C. M., & Aronson, J. (1995). Stereotype threat and the intellectual test performance of African Americans. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 69.5, 797-811. Retrieved July 24, 2007 from the EBSCOhost database.

Stice, E. (1998). Modeling of eating pathology and social reinforcement of the thin-ideal predict onset of bulimic symptoms. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 36.10, 931-944.

Stice, E, & Shaw, H. E. (1994). Adverse effects of the media portrayed thin ideal on women and linkages to bulimic symptomatology. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 13.3, 288-308.

Striegel-Moore, R. H. et. al. (1986). Toward an understanding of risk factors for bulimia. American Psychologist, 41.3, 246-263.

Taylor, J.M. et. al. (Eds.). (1995). Between voice and silence: Women and girls, race and relationship. Cambridge, MA: Harvard UP.

Tavris, C. (1992). The mismeasure of woman. New York: Touchstone.

Williams, P. J. (1991). The alchemy of race and rights. Cambridge, MA: Harvard UP.

Williams, P. (1997). The rooster’s egg: On the persistence of prejudice. Cambridge, MA: Harvard.

Wolf, N. (1992). The beauty myth: How images of beauty are used against women. New York: Doubleday.

Wollstonecraft, M. (1996). A vindication of the rights of woman. 1792. Mineola, NY: Dover.

Yamato, G. (1998). Racism: Something about the Subject Makes It Hard to Name. In P.S. Rothenberg (Eds.), Race, class and gender in the U.S. (pp. 150-153). New York: St Martin’s.

Feminist Science Studies

Ambrose, S.A., Dunkle, K.L., Lazarus, B.B., Nair, I, & Harkus, D.A. (1997). Journeys of women in science and engineering: No universal constants. Philadelphia: Temple UP.

Arditti, R. (1980). Science and liberation. Boston: South End.

Bix, A. S. (2000) Feminism where men predominate: The history of women’s science and engineering education at MIT. Women’s Studies Quarterly, 28.1/2, 24-45.

Bleier, R. (1991). Feminist approaches to science. New York: Teachers College.

Camp, T. (1997). The incredible shrinking pipeline. Communications of the ACM, 40(10), 103–110.

Cassell, J. (in press). Genderizing HCI. In J. Jacko and A. Sears (eds.), The handbook of human-computer interaction. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum. Retrieved July 30, 2007 from

Cassell, J., & Jenkins, H. eds. (1998). From Barbie to mortal kombat: Gender and computer games. Cambridge, MA: MIT.

Cherny, L., & Weise, E. R. (Eds.). (1996). Wired women: Gender and new realities in cyberspace. Seattle: Seal.

Cohoon, J. M., & Aspray, W. (Eds.). (2006). Women and information technology: Research on underrepresentation. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Cooper, J., & Weaver, K.D. (2003). Gender and computers: Understanding the digital divide. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.

DeBell, M., & Chapman, C. (2006, September). Computer and Internet Use by Students in 2003. National Center for Education Statistics. U.S. Department of Education: Institute of Education Sciences. NCES 2006-065. Retrieved September 5, 2007 from

Faulkner, W. (2000). Dualisms, hierarchies and gender in engineering. Social Studies of Science, 30.5, 759-792. Retrieved on January 16, 2007 from

Figueroa, R., & Harding, S. (Eds.). (2003). Science and other cultures: Issues in philosophies of science and technology. New York: Routledge.

Furger, R. (1998). Does Jane compute? Preserving our daughters’ place in the cyber revolution. New York: Warner.

Gross, P.R. & Levitt, N. (1994). Higher superstition: The academic left and its quarrels with science. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins UP.

Harding, S. (1998). Is science multicultural?: Postcolonialisms, feminisms, and epistemologies. Bloomington, IN: Indiana UP.

Harding, S. (2000). Should philosophies of science encode democratic ideals? In D.L. Kleinman (Ed.), Science, technology & democracy (pp. 121-138). Albany: SUNY.

Harraway, D. J. (1991). Simians, cyborgs, and women: The reinvention of nature. New York: Routledge.

Hawthorne, S., & Klein, R. (Eds.). (1999). CyberFeminism: Connectivity, critique and creativity. North Melbourne, Australia: Spinifex.

Henrion, C. (1997). Women in mathematics: The addition of difference. Bloomington, IN: Indiana UP.

Huff, C., & Cooper, J. (1987). Sex bias in educational software: The effect of designers’ stereotypes on the software they design. Journal of applied social psychology, 17, 519-532.

Jasanoff, S. (Eds.). (1995). Handbook of science and technology studies. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Jenkins, Henry & Cassell, Justine (2007). From Quake Grrls to Desperate Housewives: A decade of gender and computer games. In Y. Kafai, C. Heeter, J. Denner, & J. Sun (Eds.), Beyond Barbie and Mortal Kombat: New perspectives on gender and computer games. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Retrieved September 1, 2007 from

Keller, E.F. (1985). Reflections on gender and science. New Haven, CT: Yale UP.

Keller, E.F. (1992). Secrets of life, secrets of death: Essays on language, gender and science. New York: Routledge.

Keller, E.F. (2002). Making sense of life : Explaining biological development with models, metaphors, and machines. Cambridge, MA: Harvard UP.

Kirk, M., &, Zander, C. (2002, December). Bridging the Digital Divide by Co-creating a Collaborative Computer Science Classroom. Journal of Computing in Small Colleges, 18(2), 117-125.

Kirk, M., &, Zander, C. (2004, December). Narrowing the digital divide: In search of a map to mend the gap. Journal of Computing in Small Colleges, 20(2), 168-175.

Kramer, P.E., & Lehman, S. (1990). Mismeasuring women: A critique of research on computer ability and avoidance. Signs, 16(11), 158-172.

Lederman, M., & Bartsch, I. (Eds.). (2001). The gender and science reader. London: Routledge.

Margolis, J., & Fisher, A. (2002). Unlocking the clubhouse: Women in computing. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Mayberry, M., Subramaniam, B., & Weasel, L.H. (Eds.). (2001). Feminist science studies: A new generation. New York: Routledge.

Merchant, C. (1980). The death of nature: Women, ecology and the scientific revolution. San Francisco: HarperSanFrancisco.

Rosser, S.V. (Ed.). (1995). Teaching the majority: Breaking the gender barrier in science, mathematics, and engineering. New York: Teachers College.

Rosser, S.V. (1997). Re-engineering female friendly science. New York: Teachers College.

Rosser, S.V. (2000). Women, science & society: The crucial union. New York: Teachers College.

Schiebinger, L. (1993). Nature’s body: Gender in the making of modern science. Boston: Beacon.

Schiebinger, L. (1999). Has feminism changed science? Cambridge, MA: Harvard.

Seymour, E,. & Hewitt, N.M. (1997). Talking about leaving: Why undergraduates leave the sciences. Boulder, CO: Westview.

Sonnert, G. (1995). Gender differences in science careers: The project access study. New Brunswick, NJ.

Spender, D. (1995). Nattering on the net: Women, power and cyberspace. North Melbourne, Australia: Spinifex.

Turkle, S. (1984). The second self: Computers and the human spirit. New York: Touchstone.

Turkle, S. (1995). Life on the screen: Identity in the age of the internet. New York: Touchstone.

Vesgo, J. (2007, July 31). CRA Taulbee Trends: Female Students & Faculty. Computer Research Association. Retrieved September 18, 2007 from

Ware, M. C., & Stuck, M. F. (1985). Sex-role messages vis-à-vis microcomputer use: A look at the pictures. Sex Roles, 13.3/4, 205-214.

Wilson, F. (2003). Can compute, won’t compute: Women’s participation in the culture of computing. New technology, work, and employment, 18.2, 127-142.

Women, Minorities, and Persons with Disabilities in science and engineering: 2004. (2004). National Science Foundation, Division of Science Resources Statistics. NSF 04-317. Retrieved September 23, 2007 from

Wyer, M. (Eds.). (2001). Women, science, and technology: A reader in feminist science studies. New York: Routledge.

Media Studies

Balnaves, M. (Eds.). (2001). The Penguin atlas of media and information. New York: Penguin Putnam.

Cialdini, R. B. (1993). Influence: The psychology of persuasion. New York: Quill.

Dates, J. L., & Barlow, W. (Eds.). (1993). Split image: African Americans in the mass media. 2nd edition. Washington, D.C.: Howard UP.

Douglas, S. J. (1995). Where the girls are: Growing up female with mass media. New York: Times Books.

Erens, P. (1990). Issues in feminist film criticism. Bloomington, IN: Indiana UP.

Kang, M. (1997). The portrayal of women’s images in magazine advertisements: Goffman’s gender analysis revisited. Sex roles, 37.11/12, 979-996.

Kilbourne, J. (1999). Deadly persuasion: Why women and girls must fight the addictive power of advertising. New York: The Free Press.

Kitch, C. L. (1998). The girl on the magazine cover: Gender, class, and the emergence of visual stereotypes in American mass media, 1895-1930. Diss. Ann Arbor, MI: Temple University. 9838498.

Lazier, L., & Kendrick, A. G. (1993). Women in advertisements: Sizing up the images, roles, and functions. In P.J. Creedon (Ed.), Women in mass communication (pp. 199-219). Newbury Park: Sage.

Lester, P. M. (1996). Images that injure: Pictorial stereotypes in the media. Westport, CT: Praeger.

MacGregor, R. M. (1989). The distorted mirror: Images of visible minority women in Canadian print advertising. Atlantis: A women’s studies journal, 15.1, 137-143.

MacKay, N. J., & Covell, K. (1997). The impact of women in advertisements on attitudes toward women. Sex Roles, 36.9/10, 573-583.

McClelland, J. R. (1993). Visual images and re-Imaging: A review of research in mass communication. In P. J. Creedon (Ed.), Women in mass communication (pp. 220-234). Newbury Park: Sage.

Millar, M. S. (1998). Cracking the gender code: Who rules the wired world?. Toronto: Second Story.

Nelkin, D. (1995). Selling science: How the press covers science and technology. New York: Freeman.

Quart, A. (2003). Branded: The buying and selling of teenagers. Cambridge, MA: Perseus.

Rapping, E. (1994). Media-tions: Forays into the culture and gender wars. Boston: South End.

Robinson, L. (1996). Media myth, media reality: A primer of racism in America. Diss. The Union Institute, Ann Arbor: UMI. 9633792.


Language & Communication

Aires, E. (1996). Men and women in interaction: Reconsidering the differences. New York: Oxford UP.

CNVC, the organization. (2007). Center for non-violent communication. Retrieved September 1, 2007 from

Creedon, P. J. (Ed.). (1993). Women in mass communication. Newbury Park: Sage.

Eisler, R. (2002). The power of partnership: Seven relationships that will change your life. Novato, CA: New World.

Eisler, R., & Loye, D. (1990). The partnership way. San Francisco: HarperSanFrancisco.

Ellinor, L. & Gerard, G. (1998). Dialogue: Rediscover the transforming power of conversation. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Klein, D. (2001). New vision, new reality: A guide to unleashing energy, joy, and creativity in your life. Center City, MN: Hazelden.

Lakoff, R.T. (1990). Talking power: The politics of language. New York: Basic.

Mares, M., & Woodard, E. (2005). Effects of television on children's social interactions: A meta-analysis. Media Psychology, 2005, 7,3, 301-322. Retrieved on August 13, 2007 from

Mulvaney, B.M. (1994). Gender differences in communication: An intercultural experience. Retrieved on August 9, 2007 from

Rosenberg, M.B. (2005). Nonviolent communication: A language of life. Encinitas, CA: PuddleDancer.

Spender, D. (1980). Man made language. London: Routledge.

Swift, K., & Miller, C. (2001). The handbook of non-sexist writing.

Tannen, D. (2001). You just don't understand: Women and men in conversation. New York: Quill.

Van Fossen, B. (1996). Gender differences in communication. Institute for Teaching and Research on Women, Towson University. Retrieved August 5, 1997 from

Williamson, M. (1993). A return to love: Reflections on the principles of a course in miracles. New York: HarperPerennial.

Wood, Julia T. (1999). Gendered lives: Communication, gender, and culture. 3rd ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.


Barton, A.C. et. al. (2003). Teaching science for social justice. New York: Teachers College.

Belenky, M.F., et. al. (1986). Women’s ways of knowing: The development of self, voice, and mind. New York: Basic.

Bethel, D. M. (1994). Makiguchi the value creator: Revolutionary Japanese educator and founder of Soka Gakkai. New York: Weatherhill.

Campbell, T. A., & Campbell, D. E. (1997). Faculty/student mentor program: Effects on academic performance and retention. Research in Higher Education, 38.6: 727-742.

Eisler, R., & Miller, R. (Eds.). (2004). Educating for a culture of peace. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann.

Fung, Y. H. (2002, November). A comparative study of primary and secondary school students' images of scientists. Research in Science & Technological Education, 20.2, 199-213.

Cooper, J. et. al. (1990). Situational stress as a consequence of sex-stereotyped software. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 16, 419–429.

Gill, D., & Levidow, L. (Eds.). (1987). Anti-racist science teaching. London: Free Association.

Goldberger, N., et. al. (1996). Knowledge, difference, and power: Essays inspired by women’s ways of knowing. New York: Basic.

Greenbaum, J. (1990). The head and the heart: Using gender analysis to study the social construction of computer systems. Computers and Society, 20(2), 9–17.

hooks, b. (2003). Teaching community: A pedagogy of hope. New York: Routledge.

Kirk, M., & Grunewald, M. (2006, April 22). The compassionate classroom: Stories from the heart. Workshop at the Metropolitan State University Spring Faculty Conference, St. Paul, MN.

Kirk, M., &, Zander, C. (2002, December). Bridging the digital divide by co-creating a collaborative computer science classroom. Journal of Computing in Small Colleges, 18(2), 117-125.

Logan, J. (1993). Teaching stories. St. Paul, MN: Minnesota Inclusiveness Program.

Mayberry, M., & Rose, E. C. (Eds.), Meeting the challenge: Innovative feminist pedagogies in action. New York: Routledge.

Riger, S. (1992). Epistemological debates, feminist voices. American Psychologist, 47(6), 730–740.

Rosser, S.V. (Ed.). (1995). Teaching the majority: Breaking the gender barrier in science, mathematics, and engineering. New York: Teachers College.

Sadker, M., & Sadker, D. (1995). Failing at fairness: How our schools cheat girls. New York: Touchstone.

Stanley, A. (1995). Mothers and daughters of invention: Notes for a revised history of technology. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers UP.

Walker, H. M., Colvin, G., & Ramsey, E. (1995). Anti-social behavior in schools: Strategies and best practices. Pacific Grove, CA: Brooks/Cole.


Ajzenberg-Selove, Fay. (1994). A matter of choices: Memoirs of a female physicist. New Brunswick: Rutgers UP.

Amott, T., & Matthaei, J. (1996). Race, gender, and work: A multicultural economic history of women in the United States. Boston: South End.

Estrin, T. (1996). Women’s studies and computer science: Their intersection. IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, 18(3), 43-46.

Fritz, W.B. (1996). The women of ENIAC. IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, 18(3), 13-28.

Jordan, D. (2006). Sisters in science: Conversations with black women scientists on race, gender, and their passion for success. West Lafayette, IN: Purdue UP.

Keller, E. F. (1983). A feeling for the organism: The life and work of Barbara McClintock. San Francisco: Freeman.

Lerner, G. (1986). The creation of patriarchy. New York: Oxford.

Lerner, G. (1993). The creation of feminist consciousness: From the Middle Ages to eighteen-seventy. New York: Oxford.

McGrayne, Sharon Bertsch. (1993). Nobel prize women in science: Their lives, struggles, and momentous discoveries. Secaucus, NJ: Carol.

Osen, L. (1974). Women in mathematics. Cambridge: MIT P.

Reynolds, M.D. (1999). American women scientists: 23 inspiring biographies, 1900-2000. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Co.

Rossiter, M.W. (1982). Women scientists in America: Struggles and strategies to 1940. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins.

Rossiter, M.W. (1995). Women scientists in America: Before affirmative action 1940–1972. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins.

Sayer, Anne. (1975). Rosalind Franklin & DNA. New York: W.W. Norton.

Stanley, Autumn. (1995). Mothers and daughters of invention: Notes for a revised history of technology. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers UP.

Takaki, R. (1993). A different mirror: A history of multicultural America. Boston: Little, Brown & Co.

Tolley, K. (2003). The science education of American girls: A historical perspective. New York: RoutledgeFalmer.

Toole, B.A. (1992). Ada, the enchantress of numbers: A selection from the letters of Lord Byron’s daughter and her description of the first computer. Mill Valley, CA: Strawberry.

Warren, W. (1999). Black women scientists in the United States. Bloomington, IN: Indiana UP.

Global Economics & Partnership Science

Amott, T. L., & Matthaei, J. (1996). Race, gender, and work: A multicultural economic history of women in the United States. Boston: South End.

Arditti, R. (1999). Searching for life: The grandmothers of the Plaza de Mayo and the disappeared children of Argentina. Berkeley: U of California P.

Aronica, R., & Ramdoo, M. (2006). The world is flat? A critical analysis of the New York Times bestseller by Thomas Friedman. Tampa, FL: Meghan-Kiffer Press.

Black, E. (2001). IBM and the holocaust: The strategic alliance between Nazi Germany and America’s most powerful corporation. New York, NY: Crown.

Bronfenbrenner, U. (Ed.). (2005). Making human beings human: Bioecological perspectives on human development. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Carter, Jimmy. (2005). Our endangered values: America’s moral crisis. New York: Simon & Schuster.

Eisenstein, Z. (1998). Global obscenities: Patriarchy, capitalism, and the lure of cyberfantasy. New York: New York University Press.

Eisler, R. (2007). The real wealth of nations: Creating a caring economics. San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler.

Enloe, C. (1989). Bananas, beaches, and bases: Making feminist sense of international politics. Berkeley, CA: U of California P.

Friedman, T.L. (2006). The world is flat: A brief history of the twenty-first century. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux.

Harding, S. G. (1998). Is science multicultural: Postcolonialisms, feminisms, and epistemologies. Bloomington: Indiana UP.

Henderson, H. (1996). Building a win-win world: Life beyond global economic warfare. San Francisco, CA: Berrett-Koehler Publishers.

Kleinman, D.L. (Ed.). (2000). Science, technology & democracy. Albany: SUNY.

Korten, D.C. (1995). When corporations rule the world. San Francisco, CA: Berrett-Koeler.

Lipton, B.H. (2005). The biology of belief: Unleashing the power of consciousness, matter and miracles. Santa Rosa, CA: Elite.

Lukacs, J. (2001). Heisenberg’s recognitions: The end of the scientific world view. In M. Lederman & I. Bartsch (Eds.), The gender and science reader (pp.225-230). London: Routledge.

Prestowitz, C. (2005). Three billion new capitalists: The great shift of wealth and power to the east. New York: Basic Books.

Roy, A. (2004). An ordinary person’s guide to empire. Cambridge, MA: South End.

Sclove, R.E. (2000). Town meetings on technology: Consensus conferences as democratic participation. In D.L. Kleinman (Ed.), Science, technology and democracy (pp. 33-48). Albany: SUNY.

Shiva, V. (1997). Biopiracy: The plunder of nature and knowledge. Cambridge, MA: South End Press.

Shiva, V. (2005). Earth democracy: Justice,sustainability, and peace. Cambridge, MA: South End Press.

Stiglitz, J.E. (2003). Globalization and its discontents. New York: W.W. Norton.

Stockard, R., Akbari, A., & Domooei, J. (2006). Dimensions of sustainable diversity in IT: Applications to the IT college major and career aspirations among underrepresented high school students of color. In G. Trajkovski (Ed.), Diversity in information technology education: Issues and controversies (pp. 92-128). Hershey, PA: Information Science Publishing.

Trajkovski, G. (Ed.). (2006). Diversity in information technology education: Issues and controversies. Hershey, PA: Information Science Publishing.

Weimann, Gabriel. (2006). Terror on the Internet: The new arena, the new challenges. Washington, D.C.: United States Institute of Peace.

Wresch, W. (1996). Disconnected: Haves and have-nots in the information age. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers UP.


Anderson, A., & Cottringer, A. (Producers/Directors). (1988). Hell to pay. [Motion picture]. England: Women Make Movies.

Frenkel, K. (Executive Producer & Director). (1995). Minerva’s machine: Women in computing. [Motion picture]. Association for Computing Machinery.

Kazan, Elia. (Director). (1947). Gentleman’s agreement. [Motion picture] Hollywood, CA: 20th Century Fox.

Jean Kilbourne’s books or videos at

Lazarus, M. (Director). (1987). Still killing us softly: Advertising's image of women. [Motion picture]. Cambridge, MA: Cambridge Documentary Films.

Martin, K. (Producer), & Nash, T. (Director). (1997). Who's counting?: Marilyn Waring on sex, lies & global economics. [Motion picture]. Oley, PA: Bullfrog Films.

Sut Jhally’s books or videos at

Organizations Working Toward Change

AllAfrica Global Media at

Anita Borg Institute for Women and Technology at

Association for Computing Machinery’s (ACM) committee on Women in Computing, ACM-W at

Association for Progressive Communications at

Association for Women in Computing at

Association for Women in Science (AWIS) at

Center for Media and Democracy at

Center for Partnership Studies at

Center for Women and Information Technology at

Committee on Women in Science and Engineering at

Computer Professionals for Social Responsibility at

Computing Research Association’s (CRS) Committee on the Status of Women in Computing research (CRA-W) at

Fairness and Accuracy in Reporting at

International Development Research Center at

Media Education Foundation at

Media Watch at

Society of Women Engineers at

TechnoServe: Business Solutions to Rural Poverty at

United Nations Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) Task Force at

WiTEC, the European Association for Women in Science, Engineering and Technology at

Women in Engineering Programs & Advocates Network at

Women in Technology International at

WorldChanging at

World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) Outcome Documents at